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2019年11月15日 18:15 来源:促进血液循环


  Hong Kong has taken over from Tokyo as the world"s most expensive city, according to a lifestyle survey which also reveals the gap between the costliest and cheapest cities is narrowing. Moscow muscles in at second place in the survey, released by Mercer Human Resource Consulting, with Tokyo third. At the other end of the scale, Johannesburg replaced Blantyre, Malawi as the cheapest city on the planet. Mercer said the gulf between those at the top and bottom of the pile had narrowed by nearly 15 percent in the 12 months to March 2002. The research took New York as the base city with a nominal score of 100 points. Hong Kong scored 124.2; the South African metropolis just 34.4. It measured the comparative cost of over 200 items such as housing, food, clothing and household goods as well as transport and entertainment in 144 cities worldwide. St. Petersburg in Russia and London were the two most expensive cities in Europe, while in the United States, New York was far and away the costliest city, followed by Los Angeles, Chicago and San Francisco. Elsewhere, Buenos Aires had the most dramatic fall, plunging from 23rd to 133rd following Argentina"s economic crisis and devaluation of the peso. New Zealand and Australian cities continued to show they are probably the best bet for cheap but high quality living, with scores consistently around 50 or below while at the same time ranking in the top 30 for quality of life in another Mercer survey released in March 2002.
  一、1.[sleeping改为asleep]2.[very改为too] 3.[√]4.[it改为which]
   8.[serious改为seriously] 9.[and改为but]10.[that后加will]
  四、1.[saw改为seeing或前加who]2.[on改为up]3. [√]4.[not后加be]








  When a person died in Bali, his family and1. _______
  friends are not usually sad; for them dead is the 2. _______
  beginning of an another life. The dead person will3. _______
  come back to the world with another shape. Before 4. _______
  this happen, his old body must go. In some places5. _______
  in Bali, the dead body put on a high ground6. _______
  and in a tree. The body is then often eaten by animals. 7. _______
  And usually in Bali the body is burned. After 8. _______
  being burned, the dead person can easy come9. _______
  back to life to live in this world.10. ______
   Some things about computers are easier as you may1. _______
  fear. First, computers are logical(luo辑de). Things at first 2. _______
  seems difficult will make sense to you after you learn the3. _______
  rules. Second, it is really not hardly to learn enough to4. _______
  use today machines. You don"t need to be great brain.5. _______
  But you do have to learn to think it in new ways. 6. _______
  And you do have to keep good bit of information7. _______
  in your head. Finally, there are many people 8. _______
  around whom are really enthusiastic(re心的) about 9. _______
  computers. This people are always happy to be of help.10. ______
  In England it is never too hot and too cold for work or 1. _______
  play in the open air. This is because the sea. The sea keeps 2. _______
  the island warmth in winter and makes the air cool in summer. 3. _______
  The winds also have much more to do with the weather in England.4. _______
  The winds blow from the southwest two days out of 5. _______
  every three. The winds from the Atlantic are wet as good as6. _______
  they are warm. They also bring plenty of rain for the island.7. _______
  The east and northeast winds is cold and dry.8. _______
  The weather changes great in England. In spring, sunshine9. _______
  and rain follow each other very often that an umbrella
  or a raincoat are the things you want most in England. 10. ______
   Tables manners are important in China. If1. _______
  one is invited to dinner, he should not late2. _______
  and should bring some small gift for the host(zhu人). 3. _______
  The oldest sits facing the door or the 4. _______
  window and the other guests sit in the order of his 5. _______
  ages. One should begin eating until everyone6. _______
  was seated. It is bad manners to eat only 7. _______
  I used to be just like every other kids, I was a very mischievous1 and I looked the way other little girls looked. But slowly my face started to change and at the age of four I was diagnosed with a rare genetic condition called Cherubism2.
  As my face became more deformed3 I started to become withdrawn. Kids at school would call me "fat chin" and "chubby4 cheeks". When I"d walk down the street I would be stared at and taunted5. Adults weren"t thing! which made me feel small and worthless. My teenage years were very hard because it"s a time when you want to fit in with your school friends and be popular and like everyone else. But I didn"t fit in, so I was very unhappy and kept wishing my face would become normal.
  I loved reading. I used to spend hours in the school and local library reading books to escape from the bullying6. Bullies don"t tend to go to libraries, it"s far too intellectual for them! But because I was reading so much my English levels increased and I got two As in my English GCSEs7. At first I wanted to leave school and become a doctor/vet/teacher/air hostess/hairdresser/nurse like my friends, but when I was fourteen I decided that I really wanted to be a film director/writer/poet/actress/producer/journalist! So I left school and went to college and I"m now finishing a degree in animation8, media and society. These years spent hiding in libraries turned out to be very useful indeed!
  I"ve often had people say to me, "Is there anything they can do for your face so you can look normal? No? Oh, isn"t that awful? You poor thing!" But is it so awful? I spend years feeling unhappy because people were cruel to me. But I realize now that it"s not my face that is the problem but people"s prejudices9. We live in a society that says physical difference is bad and beauty is good. But this has resulted in disfigured10 and disabled people like me being treated like secondclass citizens because our bodies are different and we are seen as less than human.
  My face is very different, and some would say it was ugly. But I"m proud to have it. It"s influenced me and made me stronger. I"m no angel(my childhood tendency towards mischief remains) but I think I"m okay. I learnt at a very young age that people can be cruel and ignorant and that the world is a very difficult place to live in when you have a disability or disfigurement. Perhaps I was too young to learn this. But I think having this face has taught me one of the most important things that a person can learn, that it"s okay to be different, even great to be different and that diversity is what makes life so special.
  ①mischievous adj.恶作剧的,淘气的
  ②cherubism n.颌骨增大症
  ③deformed adj.不成形的,丑陋的,残废的
  ④chubby adj.圆胖的,丰满的
  ⑤taunt vt.嘲弄,奚落
  ⑥bully vt. 威吓,威逼n.欺凌弱小者
  ⑦GCSE(abbr.):General Certificate of Secondary Education普通中等教育证书
  ⑧animation n.动画
  ⑨prejudice n.偏见,成见,损害,侵害
  ⑩disfigure vt.损毁……的外形,使变丑

  When World War II ended, there were ruins everywhere. American sociologist David Popenoe visited a German family living in the basement.
   After leaving there, one of the people going the same way asked Popenoe, "Do you think they can rebuild their home?"
   "Surely!" Popenoe answered verily.
   "Why did you answer so surely?"
   "What did you see they put on the table in the basement?"
   "A vase of flowers."
   "Right," Popenoe said, "any nation in such a plight that has not yet forgotten the love of beauty must be able to rebuild her homes on the ruins."
   This story tells us how admirable and inspiring the people in despair who could still pursue the flower of hope were!
  Greeting Season:
  春节 The Spring Festival
  农历 lunar calendar
  正月 lunar January;
   the first month by lunar calendar
  除夕 New Year"s Eve;
   eve of lunar New Year
  初一 the beginning of New Year
  元宵节 The Lantern Festival
  Food names:
  年糕 Nian-gao; rise cake; New Year cake
  团yuan饭 family reunion dinner
  年夜饭 the dinner on New Year"s Eve
  饺子 Jiao-zi; Chinese meat ravioli
  tang圆 Tang-yuan; dumplings made of sweet rice, rolled into balls and
   stuffed with either sweet orspicy fillings
  八宝饭 eight treasures rice pudding
  糖果盘 candy tray
  什锦糖 assorted candies - sweet and fortune
  蜜冬gua candied winter melon - growth and good health
  西瓜子 red melon seed - joy, happiness, truth and sincerity
  金桔 cumquat - prosperity
  糖莲子 candied lotus seed - many descendents to come
  糖藕 candied lotus root - fulfilling love relationship
  红枣 red dates - prosperity
  花生糖 peanut candy - sweet
  过年 Guo-nian; have the Spring Festival
  对联 poetic couplet: two successive rhyming lines in poetry
  春联 Spring Festival couplets
  剪zhi paper-cuts
  年画 New Year paintings
  买年货 special purchases for the Spring Festival ;
  do Spring Festival shopping
  jing酒 propose a toast
  deng笼 lantern: a portable light
  烟花 fireworks
  爆竹 firecrackers (People scare off evil spirits and ghosts with the
   loud pop.)
  红包 red packets (cash wrapped up in red paper,
   symbolize fortune and wealth in the coming year.)
  舞狮 lion dance (The lion is believed to be able to dispel evil
   and bring good luck.)
  舞龙 dragon dance (to expect good weather and good harvests)
  戏qu traditional opera
  杂耍 variety show; vaudeville
  灯谜 riddles written on lanterns
  灯会 exhibit of lanterns
  守岁 staying-up
  拜年 pay New Year"s call; give New Year"s greetings;
   New Year"s visit
  禁忌 taboo
  去晦气 get rid of the ill- fortune
  祭祖宗 offer sacrifices to one"s ancestors
  压岁钱 gift money;
  money given to children as a lunar New Year gift
  辞旧岁 bid farewell to the old year
  扫房 spring cleaning; general house-cleaning



  When World War II ended, there were ruins everywhere. American sociologist David Popenoe visited a German family living in the basement.
   After leaving there, one of the people going the same way asked Popenoe, "Do you think they can rebuild their home?"
   "Surely!" Popenoe answered verily.
   "Why did you answer so surely?"
   "What did you see they put on the table in the basement?"
   "A vase of flowers."
   "Right," Popenoe said, "any nation in such a plight that has not yet forgotten the love of beauty must be able to rebuild her homes on the ruins."
   This story tells us how admirable and inspiring the people in despair who could still pursue the flower of hope were!

















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